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ZephiQ Project

Our prototypes demonstrate extremely high capacitance

Our patent pending electrical energy storage technology has the potential and opportunity to change not only the electrical energy storage “game rules”, but also the “field” and the “ball”! Our electrical energy storage technology with a minimum number of different chemicals, and with no modifiers yet, has been tested to yield K values from 3,000 times to 50,000 times higher than state-of-the-art BaTiO3 capacitors manufactured today. Think of a capacitor as the container that holds electrical energy. The higher the K value the greater the electric charge storage capability. We have also tested our prototype capacitor components from -70°C to +250°C without any failures. In comparison, the upper temperature operation limit is +90°C for Lithium-Ion based batteries and Ultracapacitors.

From our years of R&D and manufacturing experience with ceramic capacitors, we predict with high confidence that our technology, with the necessary additional research and development to determine the proper chemical modifiers, and along with the correct processing conditions, will result in our new capacitor components yielding even higher K values than what we have already tested. Our technology is based on a new composition (not based on Barium Titanate). Our new composition has created an advanced new crystal structure capable of massive energy storage. When comparing our single layer ceramic disc capacitor to an industry standard Barium Titanate single layer ceramic disc capacitor (similar size), the results are phenomenal and exponentially greater! Because present day BaTiO3 ceramic capacitors are able to be charged with voltages ranging from 500 to 20,000 volts, we also predict with confidence that we will be able to develop and offer electrical energy storage capacitor components that will have both higher energy densities and higher power densities (estimated at 100X to 1,000X) in one component to compete against and outperform Lithium-Ion batteries and Ultracapacitors.

We also predict our energy storage capacitor components to have a materials and manufacturing cost significantly less (approximately 50% less) than Lithium-Ion batteries or Ultracapacitors, while offering higher temperature performance and greater electrical energy storage performance capabilities than batteries and Ultracapacitors. Our prototype components have been developed using standard ceramic capacitor manufacturing techniques and processing equipment. Therefore, our technology will be easily adaptable to regular high volume automated manufacturing equipment for single layer or disc configured energy storage capacitor components, MLCC components and replacement energy storage products for batteries and Ultracapacitors.

If you're a science techie like we are and want to read the wiki about capacitance click here.

Historical Overview

Many of the present day ceramic capacitors, both single layers discs and MLCCs are based on the 1940’s discovery of Barium Titanate (BaTiO3) as a ceramic dielectric capacitor by mixing Barium Oxide (BaO) and Titanium Oxide (TiO2) together and heating to 1200°C to form a hard solid state ceramic capacitor. The initial dielectric constant (K) of Barium Titanate circa 1945 was 1,000. This is a relative-comparative number that means that BaTiO3 can insulate or store 1,000 times the amount of electric charge when compared to air having an arbitrarily assigned K value of 1. This also means that the amount of electrical charge that can be stored in a capacitor is directly proportional to the K of the dielectric material in the capacitor.

Modern day industrial produced capacitors based on BaTiO3 have as many as 15 to 20 chemical modifiers resulting in K values up to 30,000 to 40,000.

BaTiO3 capacitors and these other types of capacitors can store small quantities of electrical energy and are used in electronic applications and circuits. However BaTiO3 capacitors and these other capacitor types are not able to compete with (1) the electric energy storage densities of Lithium-Ion chemical batteries or (2) the electric energy power densities of Ultracapacitors, because the K value of BaTiO3, even at 40,000, is not high enough to store enough electrical energy to compete with batteries and Ultracapacitors. The ZephiQ technology is showing to be the answer.